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Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology 1999;15(2):205-210.
Published online November 30, 1999.
A Clinical Review on 315 Cases of Major Salivary Gland Tumor
Myong Seog Chae;Nak Whan Paik;Sang Hyo Kim
주 타액선 종양 315예의 임상적 고찰
채명석;백낙환;김상효
Abstract
Objectives: Major salivary gland tumor mainly develops in the parotid gland and pleomorphic adenoma is a large percentage. The aim of this study is to get clinicopathologic characteristics of overall major salivary gland tumors and suggestions regarding surgical management through collective review of 315 cases. Materials and Methods: This is a clinicopathologic review of 315 cases of major salivary gland tumor who were treated surgically at Department of Surgery, Head and Neck Clinic, Pusan Paik Hospital, Inje University during the period of 18 years from 1980 to 1997. Analysis was performed regarding the incidence, classification, surgery and its complications, and survival rate of salivary gland cancer.
Results
: 1) Parotid gland was the most prevalent site of salivary gland tumor(78%) and submandibular gland(21%) was next in order. Benign tumors were 257cases(81%) and malignant tumors were 58 cases(19%). 2) Male to female sex ratio was 1:1.2, the most prevalent age group was 3rd decade and the second group was 4th decade. 3) Histopathologically, the most common benign salivary gland tumor was pleomorphic adenoma. Warthin's tumor was next common. Among the malignant tumors, mucoepidermoid carcinoma was most common, and the next were adenoid cystic carcinoma and acinic cell carcinoma. 4) In pleomorphic adenoma, superficial parotidectomy was performed in 129 cases, and extracapsular tumorectomy was performed in 3 cases. In non-pleomorphic benign tumor, tumorectomy was performed in 21 cases. In 40 cases of deep lobe tumor, total parotidectomy was performed in only 2 cases and deep parotidectomy was performed in 38 cases. 5) Surgical complications were facial nerve injury 19 cases, Frey syndrome 13 cases, and salivary fistula 3 cases. 6) Overall 5-year survival rate of salivary gland cancer was 63%.
Conclusion
Postoperative recurrence rate is low in benign tumor, but high in cancer of salivary gland tumor. Surgical procedure should not be aggressive in benign tumor, especially in parotid tumor, but should be aggressive in malignant salivary gland tumors.
Key Words: Salivary gland tumor, Salivary gland cancer, 5-year survival rate


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