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Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology 1999;15(2):189-193.
Published online November 30, 1999.
A Clinical Significance of Ultrasound Guided Aspiration Cytology in Diagnosis of Impalpable Thyroid Nodule
Nak Seon Choi;Jung Han Yoon;Young Jong Jaegal
비촉지성 갑상선 결절의 진단에서 초음파 유도하 세침검사법의 임상적 가치
최낙선;윤정한;제갈영종
Abstract
Objectives: Fine needle aspiration cytology(FNAC) is a well established preoperative diagnostic procedure in the thyroid nodules. However, diagnostic accuracy of FNAC varies according to the size and the structural characteristics of thyroid nodule. We performed the ultrasound guided FNAC(US-guided FNAC) for impalpable thyroid nodule, and estimated the sampling accuracy rate through a comparison study between the cytologic diagnosis and the final histologic diagnosis of the postoperative specimens in order to determine clinical efficacy of the US-guided FNAC. Materials and Methods: We evaluated 117 patients underwent US-guided FNAC from January 1997 to December 1998. These patients had 129 thyroid nodules to need cytologic examination. Whereas the nodules were so no graphically classified into cystic, solid, and mixed type according to echo pattern, the aspirated thyroid specimens were classified into benign, malignant, suspicious, and insufficient.
Results
Positive sampling for diagnositc examination was achieved in 75 nodules(58.1%), and US-guided FNAC in our study showed the accuracy rate of 95.2%, false positivity rate of 0%, and false negativity rate of 5.5%.
Conclusions
US-guided FNAC is a powerful techniques for evaluating cytologic characterics and allowing a reliable diagnositc result in the impalpable thyroid nodule. However, the experienced technique is recommanded in order to obtain the sufficient samples for reliable results.
Key Words: Ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration cytology, Impalpable thyroid nodule


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